A sourcebook for history
Gabriel Bucelin. Nuclei historiæ universalis : cum sacræ, tum prophanæ ad dies, annosque relatæ : avctarivm varijs, utriusque fruictibus fœcundum & locuples : plurimis, tam ad Historiam ducentibus, quám pertinentibus, geographihicis non minus, quám genealogicis tabellis instructum atque adornatum. Augustae Vindelicorum: Apud Ioan. Praetorium, 1658.
Gabriel Bucelin, OSB (1599-1681), joined the monastery at Weingarten (Germany) at age 13, and worked at various monasteries in Germany and Austria. His most famous writings deal with religious history in Central Europe, and with the history of the Benedictine order. This small volume contains several maps and tables of historical figures and events. Compare the details of his map of North and South America with the roughly contemporaneous map in the volume by Bissel.
Saint John’s University Rare Book Collection
More than one man’s adventure?
Pedro Gobeo de Victoria and Johannes Bissel. Joannis Bisselii, è societate Jesu, Argonauticon Americanorum, sive, Historiæ periculorum Petri de Victoria, ac sociorum eius, libri XV. Monachii, formis Lucæ Straubii, sumptibus Ioannis Wagneri bibliopolæ, 1647.
At first glance, Bissel’s map looks very similar to Bucelin’s. However, there are some differences in how they are presented. Bucelin was preparing a “universal” history with lots of data and a wide range of maps from around the world. Bissel only includes one map, to help in (re-)telling one person’s adventure: Pedro Gobeo de Victoria. Some even claim that Bissel has largely novelized Pedro’s own account. Bissel’s map offers a little more detail than Bucelin’s (e.g., mountains, rivers, etc.) and even includes the equator and the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.
Saint John’s University Rare Book Collection. Gift of the Abbey of Ottobeuren (1877)